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The Real ID Act is an invasion of privacy and threatens national security.
Imagine a country in every citizen Which Carries a national identification card, Each of Which is embedded with Chip That Holds all of an individual's personal information.
To some, this sounds like a great convenience May, to others, an invasion of privacy. This issue has sparked a great deal of controversy with some Americans arguing for the case of anti-terrorism and others arguing for Their right to privacy.
The underlying question is this: Is the erosion of the individual rights of every American citizen Each and truly worth the miniscule amount of additional security provided by That Would Be the mandatory use of a National Identification Card, Also known as the Real ID?
The purpose of the Real ID Act of 2005 is to transform the driver's licenses were into a genuine national identity card, in an effort to combat Supposedly terrorism.
"The government claims driver's license That" reform "will help combat illegal immigration and protect national security Generally, but it fails to acknowledge That the Real ID Act threatens privacy and civil liberties Seriously on a national scale."
- Sophia Cope of the Center for Democracy and Technology, "Why Real ID Is A Flawed Law," CNET News, January 31, 2008
A mandatory national ID cards will lead to Longer lines at the DMV, as well as fees for Increased Those Attempting to Obtain a drivers license. But how, just how effective will the Real ID Act of 2005 Be Against Terrorism, and just how invasive will it be?
A BURDEN ON REAL ID CREATEs Taxpayers
Real ID Act of 2005 will do little more than for American Citizens imposed new burdens on Various Taxpayers, immigrants, and state Governments, all while doing nothing to Prevent Terrorism. Citizens will be required to foot the bill for an expensive new ID card system will be used to track Which Their Activities.
POTENTIAL FOR IDENTITY THEFT Increased
The Real ID Cards Will Increase the threat of identity theft for American Citizens, as well as give the government a tool for tracking Each individual's whereabouts and Activities. Furthermore, the Real ID Cards Will Contain microchip with a Social Security number, thumbprint, retinal scan and even in, and Can Be Easily Manipulated.
22 STATES REJECT REAL ID Proposals
Currently, 22 states have rejected the Real ID Act of 2005. If instituted, large corporations will be Able to require all customers to carry a Real ID card in order to shop at stores Their, Thus tracking of individual to the Citizens' Activities right down to what type of soap and toothpaste They prefer.
How is this Combating Terrorism, again?
You think you know the truth?
The United States Institute of Peace (USIP) recently held briefings with top counter terrorism and Middle East Policy Researchers and experts on the future of Iraq and the Obama administration. Many Of These experts AGREED That the U.S. troop withdrawal plan over the next Few years Must Rely upon Both Iraqi security forces continued training to Improve regional stability as well as the reconstruction and development of Iraqi civil society. Could one call the military-based approach an exercise in counter terrorism training for Iraqi security forces, Whereas the development based approach includes anti-terrorism training for Iraqis. The Iraqi government, security services, and population will require Greater Both training and anti terrorism counter terrorism training, Which Brings one to question what Exactly Is The Difference Between anti-terrorism and counter terrorism and how can U.S. policy best incorporated into an effective strategy Both types as well as in other Countries ITS own terrorism prevention policy.
Counter terrorism operations are in tactical approach used by Governments, militaries, local law enforcement, and other parties dealing with terrorists Towards. Counter Terrorism Intelligence includes Applying and using force to eliminate terrorists, and is Essentially a strategy of repression or suppression. The U.S. military defines as terrorism counter "That includes the offensive operations taken Measures to Prevent, deter, preempt, and respond to terrorism." (Joint Publication 1-02 Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms, U.S. Department of Defense, 12 July 2007) The short term goals of counter terrorism policy is not to eliminate root causes of terrorism, but to bring the current crisis under control . Continued counter terrorism training of Iraqi security forces is an integral component for a withdrawal of U.S. troops Timely, as Iraqi security officers need to prepare to deal tactically with Al Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) and other subversive forces on the ground. Experts from the USIP briefing Suggested key steps related to counter terrorism policy for the New Administration Should include the continued training and equipping of Iraqi security forces, Among other efforts. (USIP briefing, "Iraq in the Obama Administration," December 2008) Continued Iraqi security and reconstruction, However, is dependent upon anti-terrorism training Also.
While similar and Often incorrectly interchanged with the term "counter terrorism" against terrorism is a strategic, long-term effort Towards Reducing and halting terrorism by focusing on ALTOGETHER root causes and seeking to change the environment Which fosters terrorism. "Anti-terrorism tactics Consist of gathering information and disseminating it broadly, Promoting public discourse, lobbying policy makers to Encourage violence reduction policies and Legislation, Conducting Civil Litigation Against Terrorist Actors, Institutions and organizing social functions to accomplish These. Anti Terrorism is a strategy of expanding democracy to delete the Causes and resources enabling terrorism. "(Paul de Armond," Rock, Paper, Scissors: Counter Terrorism, Anti Terrorism, and Terrorism, "Public Good Occasion Paper # 6, 1997) Experts suggest That the U.S. government must continuing to lobby for a Settlement Between the Kurdistan Regional Government and the central government, to Develop strategy for national elections, and support peaceful power transitions - all can be categorized as EFFORTS That anti-terrorism training. (USIP briefing, December 2008)
The suggestions made by terrorism and Middle East experts for a successful withdrawal of U.S. troops and Timely illustrated from Iraq The Importance Of A Blended Approach Towards dealing with terrorism in Iraq, across the globe, and within the U.S. Anti-terrorism and counter terrorism strategies are Jointly important for the United States' continued success in Preventing and Eliminating the terrorist threat in the present and in the future. This blended approach Highlights The Importance of Developing policies under the rubric of strategic security, Which is the multi-disciplinary, global view of past, present, and future security issues Timely That Permits the accumulation of accurate, objective knowledge. Strategic thinking security is vital for the continued safety and protection of the U.S., as well as states around the globe.
Daniel Sommer is Director of Marketing at Henley-Putnam University. Henley-Putnam offers accredited online Bachelor and Master of Science Degrees in Intelligence Management, Terrorism & Counterterrorism Studies, and Management of Protection Management, and a Doctoral Degree Program in Strategic Security. For more information on Henley-Putnam University, or Anti Terrorism Training Counter Terrorism Training, visit http://www.Henley-Putnam.edu .
Is terrorism preventable? The answer, sadly, is not. The drive and motivation of today's terrorist targets combined with The Almost unlimited opportunities to make terrorism threat That Is Unlikely to go away. While terrorist attacks are not preventable, there are actions can be taken to protect That a specific facility, building or organization from a terrorist act.
Terrorist acts are criminal acts, Differentiated only by motivation. While not all criminal acts are terrorist acts, terrorist acts are criminal acts to. As with Any criminal, we can take steps to make a facility less attractive to a terrorist. Terrorism preparedness Requires two actions: taking steps to harden a specific facility from a terrorist act, and taking steps to mitigate an act Should it occur.
Terrorism prevention strategy addresses five specific issues. They are the identification of potential targets will be catastrophic to the That community and are Likely to Be Attacked; the reduction of the value of the target to the terrorists, the reduction of the visibility of the targets, the reduction of access to the targets; and Increasing of the guardianship of the targets. Increased physical security and target hardening Measures reduces the value of the target to the terrorist by Lessening the degree of damage can inflict That a terrorist.
There are many Things That Can Be Done to harden a target. Good access control Makes it more apologetic for a terrorist to gain entry to a facility to do harm. Explosion Proof Trash Receptacles Placing to make bombs more apologetic, and Helps to Contain a blast if a bomb is Placed-in-one. Good perimeter fencing discourages Unauthorized access delays and physically. Closed circuit camera systems and serves as a deterrent Provide evidence in the event of a crime.
Access control systems need to restrict access only to Authorized Those to be there. Strictly controlling access Significantly Reduces the risk by making criminal the target less accessible to the criminal or terrorist. The degree of access control is Directly related to the value of the target and the Presumed threat. Access control can be as simple as a key and a lock (not very secure), or as sophisticated as the use of smart cards tied to biometric readers to positively identify the user prior to Allowing access. Biometric systems currently on the market range from using fingerprint identification to the retina (the blood vessel pattern in the back of your eye) and the iris (the colored ring around your pupil) as a Means of Identifying the user positively. Other systems use the size and shape of your hand, or the pattern of the blood veins in your wrist as an identifier.
Explosion resistance is critical in the Protection Against Terrorist acts. Bombs are a favorite of terrorists, and are frighteningly easy to build and place. Explosion resistance includes the use of security window film to protect www.blastgard.com Such as glass, glass and bombs, terrorists Know That lethal combination to form. In Addition, History That shows upwards of 80% of all bomb blast injuries are related in a glass still. Additional steps include the removal of all trash Receptacles (a favorite placement of bombers), or the Addition of Trash Receptacles Specifically designed to Contain a bomb blast.
Perimeter security is a core defensive measure. Simply put, at Perimeter System Serves to deter an entry, Prevent an entry, or if Neither Of Those options is successful, slow down an intruder sufficiently know the likelihood of getting caught That increases. Perimeter fencing options include, walls and barricades. Fencing May Be chain link, or if aesthetics are an issue, or a variety of bent metal ornamental metal options. Depending on the risk, barbed wire or razor ribbon May Be Attached to the top. Realistically speaking, tests show barbed wire and razor ribbon That have very little effect on slowing an intruder's climb, but the visual effect can be a huge deterrent. Depending on the threat present, there are a variety of vehicle barriers available from trucks and cars to Prevent Unauthorized Gaining access to a facility.
As with other security devices, closed circuit camera systems offer a deterrent. In the event of an incident, recorded on video record of what occurred Provides and can be used as evidence Possibly in the apprehension and prosecution of the terrorists. The deterrent value is proactive prosecution while the value is a mitigation technique. As technology advances, the quality of closed circuit cameras Greatly Improves while the physical camera size gets smaller. Advances in storage technology mean more and more That video can be stored, Allowing for more cameras and a longer "keep" time.
Mitigation techniques include physical security measures, but Also The creation of a good crisis management plan and a business continuity plan.
Terrorist targets are not random choices can be influenced and yet more attractive to the target can be over in less attractive target Chosen. What makes a target attractive? Target suitability can be influenced by factors Including value, inertia (the size and weight of an object), access and visibility. There is information to suggest That the Murrah Building in Oklahoma City was not Timothy McVeigh's first choice of a target, but it was the closest target to Him That His needs met.
While nothing can Prevent Terrorism, steps can be taken to Prevent terrorist attacks. Steps can be taken to harden a facility, lessen the Attractiveness of a facility to target and better prepare to deal with an attack.
Mr. Jordan Frankel is one of the foremost experts in blast mitigation film. He is the founder of Global Security Experts, sun distributor for ShatterGARD fragment retention film. ShatterGARD products are trusted to protect the men and women of the U.S. military as well as the law enforcement community. For more information on how BlastGARD can help fortify your facility, visit www.shattergard.com 888-306-7998-14 or call.
Article Source: Can You Be Prepared For An Act of Terrorism?
Cyber terrorism is very present in Several industries and media outlets today. How real is the risk?
The Risk Posed by cyber-terrorism is very present in the media today. Also it is a well-debated topic Amongst the security community, as well as Those in the IT industry. Many experts have thrown around the idea of how it Would Be Likely for cyber terrorists to hack into computers That Control functions Such as how bridges work or dams, or wreak havoc with air-traffic control systems. These ideas as much as Have Been Discussed, there has not Been Any Real-to-date instance of this sort of cyber terrorism.
Because Most Of our current society is now revolving around the Internet, e-commerce and online banking, the threat of cyber terrorism is a frightening concept. Hackers have proven That It Is Not All That Difficult to get into computer networks and to Manipulate it at will. Althoug hackers cyber terrorists are not in Themselves, They have proven how simple this type of mayhem Would Be to create. Cyber terrorists can follow this example and gain access to critical data from Governments, as well as private computer systems. Could this type of cyber terrorism and financial disable military sectors. Our society's dependence on the Internet, and our focus on HAVING everything accessible via the Web, has created vulnerabilities in our defense systems. Where It Would Have Been Difficult oz for a terrorist to tamper with air traffic patterns, it is quite feasible to cyber terrorist That Could Manipulate air traffic control systems with disastrous results. It Would Be Safe to Say That the real risk of cyber terrorism is well founded. However, there still is some exaggeration in the media That is not rational When It Comes To The threat of cyber terrorism.
The concept of the term cyber terrorism harkens back to the early 1990s, When the Internet was young and the heated discussions about the future of security and the use of the Internet Were just beginning. At this time in the Internet's infancy, the National Academy of Sciences was worried there That Could Be Caused more damage with a keyboard, than with a bomb. Since then, many forces have together to elaborate on how the fear of cyber terrorism. From a psychology standpoint, the fear of random Victimization common with the concept of cyber terrorism That meshes with the general distrust many have for dependence on computer technology.
After the attacks on the World Trade Center, the security of all Aspects of our society under great scrutiny CAME. Were there many Debates about the security of cyberspace in general and the ideas of what a cyber terrorist could do to our infrastructure. Fighting cyber terrorism has not only to Become highly relavant issue, but Also a very profitable one. There is now an industry dedicated to Entire Combating the threat of cyber terrorism. Developed projects and think tanks have issued alarming documents on the topic, experts have testified about the dangers of cyber terrorism, and private companies have Developed Software. The media has added to the issue, running frightening headlines insinuating That Al-Qaeda will now turn to cyber-terrorism war to complete the ITS. The end result of all of this Is that instances of hacking into sensitive websites, the online theft of critical company data, and new outbreaks of computer viruses are Being Considered to cyber terrorism.
Confusion Is Brought Into The issue as Defining the term "cyber terrorism" is not really AGREED upon. One of the Reasons for the Confusion Is that the average lives for the drama That Which Can it created, has Manipulated the term given to anything That It Deems through the criminal use of computers. But According to the House Armed Committee in May of 2000, cyber terrorism is "the convergence of cyberspace and terrorism. It Refers to unlawful attacks and threats of attacks Against computers, networks and the information stored therein when done to intimidate or coerce a government or people in furtherance of ITS political or social objectives. "
It is critical to look at the difference Between cyber terrorism and what is known as "hacktivism." Hacktivism is a term That Describes the combination of politically motivated hacking That Is. Hacktivists use four main weapons: virtual blockades, email attacks, computer break-ins, and computer viruses and worms.
The use of cyber terrorism is an attractive option for today's terrorists for a Few reasons. It is naturally more cost-effective-a terrorist needs only to personal computers to complete the task. These cyber-terrorists do not have the need for explosives or other weapons and can deliver computer viruses through cable, telephone line, and wireless connections instead. Cyber terrorism is much more inconspicuous than other methods and terrorism it is apologetic for security agencies to get a handle on the terrorist's real identity. In cyberspace, there are no barriers to not have to cross checkpoints or customs agents have to be avoided That.
For the cyber-terrorist, the number of targets to choose from is immense. Possible targets are public utilities, airlines, private individuals, and government agencies. With the vast amounts of possible targets, it is to guarantee That terrorists can find a target with a weakness. It is frightening to think That Several studies have shown That a cyber attack on electrical power grids or some other system is highly complex Such Likely, since the complexity of These systems make it impossible to fully protect Them Almost. Plus, cyber terrorism can be Conducted from a remote location, thereby giving it a very attractive appeal to terrorists. A cyber terrorist Also does not need Any physical training and Does Not Involve Any dangers of travel or risk of mortality since it is all Conducting through the Internet.
In light of all the warnings and statistics to date, it is critical to remember That there has not Been an instance of a cyber terrorism attack on U.S. public facilities, power grids, nuclear power plants, or transportation systems. Cyber attacks have occurred, but not the type That Is Being spoken of here-the kind That Would Qualify Them as creating the type of damage to true cyber terrorist attack Would created.
In conclusion, the real risk of cyber terrorism is really two tours dependence on the Internet, and our inability to thoroughly secure all Aspects of it. Fortunately, we have not experienced a true and even cyber terrorist incident.
Trond is 2 x Master Level in Both E-Commerce and Internet Marketing and is a certified security professional working for the Norwegian company AS MesterWeb. He is Also Certified Microsoft MCSE, Cisco CCIE Written Exam, Cisco CCNP, etc.. His Interests are hund , Joomla and lan USER sikkerhet
Article Source: What Are the Real Risks of Cyber Terrorism?